Pella — Mostly favorable weather allowed harvest of corn and soybeans to advance during the week ending October 20, 2013, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Fall tillage was underway in areas already harvested.
Recent rains have helped soil moisture levels. Topsoil moisture levels rated 20 percent very short, 34 percent short, 46 percent adequate and 0 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 29 percent very short, 38 percent short, 32 percent adequate and 1 percent surplus. Southeast Iowa remained the driest with over 95 percent of the topsoil moisture rated short and very short. Grain movement from farm to elevator was rated 53 percent moderate to heavy this week. Ninety-seven percent of Iowa reported adequate or surplus off-farm grain storage availability and 90 percent reported adequate or surplus on-farm grain storage availability.
With almost the entire corn crop mature, 35 percent of the corn had been harvested for grain or seed, 15 percentage points behind normal. Moisture content of all corn in the field was estimated at 22 percent while moisture content of corn harvested was 19 percent. Corn lodging was rated at 67 percent none, 21 percent light, 10 percent moderate and 2 percent heavy. Corn ear droppage was rated at 75 percent none, 17 percent light, 6 percent moderate and 2 percent heavy. Corn condition was 6 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 34 percent fair, 37 percent good and 8 percent excellent.
With almost all the soybean crop dropping leaves, 70 percent of soybeans had been harvested, 11 percentage points behind normal. Soybean lodging was rated at 80 percent none, 15 percent light, 4 percent moderate and 1 percent heavy. Soybean shattering was rated at 76 percent none, 20 percent light, 4 percent moderate and 0 percent heavy. Soybean condition improved slightly to 8 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 36 percent good and 6 percent excellent.
Pasture condition improved to 22 percent very poor, 26 percent poor, 35 percent fair, 16 percent good and 1 percent excellent. There were a few reports of livestock grazing on corn stubble. Hay supplies were considered 16 percent short, 73 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus across Iowa with 91 percent rated in fair to good condition.